Spirobiï¬‚uorene: Synthesized spirobiï¬‚uorene following the reported procedure (page 324-325) using 2-iodobiphenyl as starting material. It was difficult to isolate nmr-clean product and the yield was low, although they reported very high yield. Instead of n-BuLi, I used Grignard reagent made by reacting 2-iodobiphenyl with Mg-turnings in THF (reflux was needed) then reacted with 9-ï¬‚uorenone to give 9-(2-biphenyl)-9-ï¬‚uorenol. Acidic treatment gave easily isolated clean product of spirobiï¬‚uorene with a good yield. Although I didn’t try but I believe 2 equivalent of t-BuLi would also work better than n-BuLi as t-BuLi can avoid dehydrohalogenation reaction to form by products.