A new series of bile acid-based trioxanes have been synthesized and assessed for their antimalarial activity against multidrug-resistant Plasmodium yoelii in Swiss mice by oral route.
The Reaction of Interest:
Decarboxylative oxidation of the O-acylated lithocholic acid derivative 11 into alkene 12.
3α-Acetyl-24-nor-5β-chol-22-ene (12). Pyridine (50.0 mL) and
cupric acetate (1.66 g, 8.3 mmol) were added to a solution of 11 (10.0
g, 23.9 mmol) in dry benzene (100 mL), and the reaction mixture was
heated to 90 °C under N2 atmosphere. Lead tetraacetate (30.0 g, 67.7
mmol) was added in portions during and the reaction mixture was
refluxed for additional 12 h. It was cooled to room temperature and
filtered through Celite; the residue was washed with benzene (75 mL).
Addition of water (100 mL) and extraction with benzene yielded an
organic layer that was further stirred with 1N HCl (200 mL) for 30
min. The benzene layer was separated and washed with water (100
mL) followed by saturated aq NaHCO3 (100 mL). The organic layer
was dried over anhyd Na2SO4, concentrated in vacuo at rt, and the
crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel
using EtOAc−hexane (2:98) to furnish 12 (6.15 g, 69% yield) as a
white solid; mp 80−82 °C.
According to the described procedure, the O-methylated lithocholic acid was converted into the corresponding alkene in 40% yield (15 mmol scale).
- The reaction is reproducible and scalable up to 15 mmol.
- An efficient stirring is required for this reaction.
- Freshly purchased Pb(OAc)4 is required for efficient conversion
- Benzene was replaced with toluene for extraction of the product.